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Ukraine crisis: Macron says Putin pledges no new Ukraine escalation

French President Emmanuel Macron has advised reporters that President Vladimir Putin assured him that Russian forces wouldn’t ramp up the disaster close to Ukraine’s borders.

“I secured an assurance there could be no deterioration or escalation,” he mentioned earlier than assembly Ukraine’s chief.

Nevertheless, Russia mentioned any suggestion of a assure was “not proper”.

Russia has denied any plans to invade Ukraine, but it surely has assembled greater than 100,000 troops close to its borders.

The tensions between Russia, Ukraine and the West come practically eight years after Russia annexed Ukraine’s southern Crimea peninsula.

Moscow accuses the Ukrainian authorities of failing to implement the Minsk settlement – a global deal sponsored by Germany and France to revive peace to the east, the place Russian-backed rebels management swathes of territory and at the least 14,000 individuals have been killed since 2014.

Putin requested to indicate ‘concrete steps’

President Macron this week is on a diplomatic tour of nationwide capitals. He arrived within the Ukrainian capital, Kyiv, on Tuesday after virtually six hours of talks with Mr Putin in Moscow on Monday.

At a information convention with Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelensky, Mr Macron mentioned there was now the possibility to “make these negotiations transfer ahead” between Russia and Ukraine, and that he may see “concrete options” to lowering tensions.

Mr Zelensky in the meantime referred to as on Mr Putin to take critical measures to cut back tensions. “I do not likely belief phrases, I consider that each politician will be clear by taking concrete steps,” he mentioned.

Mr Macron then flew to Berlin, the place he joined the leaders of Germany and Poland in expressing their joint assist for Ukrainian sovereignty.

The leaders met as a part of a summit of the Weimar Triangle group, shaped 31 years in the past after the top of the Chilly Conflict, to assist take care of challenges now dealing with Europe.

Vladimir Putin, left, and Emmanuel Macron, right, meet in the Kremlin in Moscow, Russia
Picture caption,Putin hinted that progress had been made throughout his first Moscow summit with a Western chief because the disaster began

Mr Putin hinted on Monday that a few of Mr Macron’s proposals “may type the idea of additional joint steps” – though they have been “in all probability nonetheless too early to speak about”.

A French official later advised reporters that the 2 leaders had agreed that Russia would pull troops out of Belarus on the finish of workouts happening close to Ukraine’s northern borders.

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov nevertheless denied any deal had occurred – though the troops have been anticipated to return to Russia sooner or later, he mentioned.

President Macron’s diplomatic push later moved to Berlin for a gathering with the German chancellor, Olaf Scholz, and Polish President Andrzej Duda.

US President Joe Biden met the German chief in Washington on Monday and threatened to close down a key Russian fuel pipeline to Germany, referred to as Nord Stream 2, if Moscow invaded Ukraine.

Chancellor Scholz – on his first journey to Washington since changing into chancellor and dealing with criticism for his response to the Ukraine disaster – was nevertheless extra ambiguous concerning the pipeline than Mr Biden.

Western nations have already rejected quite a few Moscow’s calls for, together with that the Nato defence alliance rule out Ukraine changing into a member, and that it cut back its army presence in jap Europe.

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Has Macron averted a struggle?

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The view from Kyiv

By Paul Adams, BBC diplomatic correspondent

The Ukrainian president completely would not belief Mr Putin. “Openness in a frontrunner is okay”, he responded when Mr Macron talked about his frank discussions with the Russian chief. “However provided that it is not a recreation.”

Mr Zelensky welcomed Emmanuel Macron’s assist and mentioned the 2 males had a “frequent imaginative and prescient” concerning the challenges dealing with Ukraine, Europe and the world. However there have been awkward moments. Mr Macron needed to deny he’d cited Finland as a doable mannequin for Ukraine’s relationship with Nato (shut, however not a member). Mr Zelensky appeared to make gentle of it however did not sound impressed.

Mr Putin says he needs to invigorate the 2014 Minsk Settlement, and that is additionally a problem for Mr Zelensky. Signed by his predecessor, in the midst of the struggle, he fears – as do most Ukrainians – that implementing Minsk in its present type will serve to reinforce the authority of the pro-Russia separatists who at present management elements of the Donbas.

Mr Zelensky is basking in a rising measure of worldwide assist. International dignitaries are coming out and in of city in a manner that Kyiv has not often seen. This disaster has but to ease, however appears marginally much less acute.

The view from Moscow

By Caroline Davies, BBC Moscow correspondent

Within the phrases of the Kremlin, President Macron could have arrived in Moscow with some “seeds of motive”, however they have not but flowered into an settlement. Russia is maintaining its powder dry, calling the talks lengthy however informative.

Any suggestion that France had secured a deal have been additionally shortly slapped down; Kremlin spokesperson, Dmitry Peskov, mentioned that it will be inconceivable for Moscow and Paris to do a deal as France just isn’t the chief of Nato.

Russia’s principal focus, it appears, continues to be on the US. Crucially, Russia has but once more emphasised that it feels its safety considerations round potential Nato enlargement haven’t been answered. Persevering with to place this entrance and centre within the diplomatic discussions makes negotiations troublesome as neither aspect have proven any signal of giving floor.

Whereas either side speak after which plan for extra talks, troops proceed to construct on Ukraine’s border and on Nato’s jap flank. The wait continues.

Map showing Russian troops near Ukraine, Feb 2022

Supply: BBC

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